home | about/terms | contact | index | site map

related materials

acronyms and abbreviations for learning and fun

business dictionary

business plans writing

cliches and expressions origins

complaints letters

diagrams and other free tools

diacritical marks

grammar and language glossary

greek alphabet

writing tips

See alphabetical index for more concepts, ideas and resources.

See updates and additions archive for more materials.

See site map for materials in helpful categories.

thesaurus of business and management terms

glossary of alternative words for common terms of business, management and work

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

This thesaurus of terms for business and work is a simple quick tool for improving written and spoken communications.

Choosing your words carefully is vital for effective communicating. Sometimes a common word is best replaced by a less common word. Sometimes a common word is better than an unusual word. Words must make sense and have relevance to the reader, and also reflect the tone and purpose of the communication. Being able to choose different words to suit different situations can help achieve this.

This thesaurus offers ideas and suggestions of alternative words to help you choose and use the right words for reports, presentations, letters, and all other communications related to work, business, management, formal letters, contracts, adverts and notices.

The listing below offers alternative words with the same or similar meaning, for when you need a replacement; perhaps because a word is not quite right, accurate, appropriate, or maybe because you've already used the word and don't want to repeat it.

A thesaurus traditionally refers to a book which lists words with synonyms (other words meaning the same or similar). The word thesaurus came into English in the late 1500s from Latin, based on the earlier ancient Greek meaning of 'storehouse' or 'treasure'.

This glossary is a virtual storehouse of treasure: words to help you write and speak more effectively for business and work, and in other formal situations.

This thesaurus is not intended to be grammatically complete - it's a quick tool for finding alternative words, especially for business and work-related communications.

More extensive listings and definitions of business terms are given in the business dictionary.

Please send your suggestions for additional terms that you'd like to see in this thesaurus, and any corrections.

Some of these terms have different meanings outside of business and management, and some can even have different meanings in different areas of business, so use this as a guide.

Generally this thesaurus lists the most common business and work meanings of the words listed. Many of the words can be used as both nouns (things) and verbs ('doing' or 'action' words). Ensure you understand the sense in which you use the words you choose. Check your grammar, and check in a dictionary any words you are unsure about - this thesaurus is to give you ideas quickly when you need them, it's not a grammer-checker, nor does it offer all the different meanings which can exist for many of the words below.

Please note that UK-English spellings for words such as colour, behaviour are different to US-English spellings (color, behavior). UK-English spellings of many words ending in 'ise', such as organise, realise, etc., may also appear on this page (compared to US-English 'ize'). Adapt the materials for your own situation accordingly.

 

 

tips for using this page

Use the 'find on page' command (Ctrl +F) to find words which are not listed alphabetically.

Look at the Business Dictionary for words and terms you can't find in the thesaurus and for definitions/explanations.

Use a pocket dictionary to check/confirm precise meanings if you are uncertain about a word's suitability - a dictionary (book) is much quicker than the web and is generally more reliable.

An actual book thesaurus is a very powerful tool for improving communicating too. Keep one on your desk and use it.

Let me know any words you'd like to see in this listing.

A

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

ability - skill, intelligence, competence, experience, expertise, capability

accelerate - hasten, increase, expedite

access - permission, entry, obtain

acceptable - reasonable, fair, appropriate

accessible - reachable, available, easily entered

accommodation - arrangement, agreement, place to stay or live

account - statement, description, report, facts

accountable - responsible, answerable, explainable, duty-bound

accountability - responsibility, duty, expectation, contract, deliverable, deliverables

accrue - increase, accumulate, grow, collect

achievement - goal, objective, target

acquire - obtain, buy, gain, procure, get, take over

act - deed, perform, execute, procedure

activity - action, job, duty

adapt - change, modify, adjust, alter

add - increase, calculate, attach

adjourn - pause, break, take a break, finish

adjunct - attachment, supplement, addendum

adjust - change, alter, rectify, amend, modify, make more suitable

adopt - accept, use, buy

adverse - negative, hostile, opposed, unfavorable

advice - input, help, assistance, recommendation, suggestion, feedback

advise - inform, help, tell, post, brief, notify, counsel, instruct

agency - organisation, service provider, representative organization

agenda - list, schedule, program, programme, concerns, motive, motives, wish-list, drivers, expectation, expectations

agent - contractor, operator, dealer, representative, middle-man

aggressive - determined, firm, pushy, vigorous

agreement - arrangement, promise, contract, understanding

aid - help, assistance, support

aim - goal, purpose, objective, intention

alliance - agreement, partnership

allot - share, apportion, distribute, allocate

allow - permit, let, agree, grant, concede

ambition - goal, desire, aspiration, hope, vision

amass - collect, gather, store, accumulate

amend - alter, change, correct, rectify, adjust, revise

amount - quantity, sum

analyse - examine, study, analyze

analysis - examination, study, exploration, assessment, calculation

annul - invalidate, cancel, dissolve, make void, nullify

appeal - request, plea, ask, attraction

application - request, use (of something)

appoint - choose, pick, elect, select

apportion - divide, share, allocate, distribute

appraise - judge, consider, examine, assess, review

appropriate - save, take, seize, keep

appropriate - acceptable, fair, reasonable, relevant

approval - agreement, permission, consent, endorsement

approve - agree, allow, permit, accept, grant endorse

aptitude - ability, skill, leaning, gift, talent

archive - collection, collect, store, file, documentation

arrange - plan, formulate, set, order, structure, manage, organise, organize

array - collection, group, number (of)

article - item, piece, thing, legal document

assemble - gather, collect, compile, fit together

assess - calculate, judge, measure, form an opinion, gauge, analyze

assessment - opinion, judgment, calculation, estimate

associate - colleague, member, co-worker, partner, business partner, contractor

assured - certain, definite

attach - join, connect, fasten, add

attribute - quality, feature, speciality, credit, specialty

authority - power, permission, control, sway, leading special knowledge

authorise - allow, permit, grant, authorize

available - free, ready, potential, offered, on offer

average - typical, normal, usual, mean, medium, standard, par

If the word(s) you are trying to find are not listed try the business dictionary

B

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

backup - copy, help, extra, contingency

bail out - rescue, leave

balance - remainder, amount owed, adjust, correlate, equalise, equalize

balloon - grow, expand, swell, enlarge

ban - disallow, bar, exclude, prohibit, embargo

bank - collect, store

barrier - problem, restriction, obstacle

basic - fundamental, intrinsic, foundational, simple

basis - reason why, motive, grounds

batch - group, collection, bundle, pack

battle - competition, struggle, argument, effort

beat - defeat, outdo, win, exceed, surpass

beleaguered - beset, experiencing difficulties, isolated, stranded, criticised, criticized

bespoke - tailor-made, made to measure

bet - gamble, risk, be rash, venture

bias - against, for, towards, tendency, influence in favour of, in favor of

bid - offer, attempt, tender

books - accounts

boost - increase, improve, strengthen, augment

boycott - avoid, refuse, shun

brand - type, design, kind, sort, trademark

branded - labelled, well-known, named, patented, labeled

breakdown - fail, failure, end, list of details

breakthrough - discovery, development, emerge

brief - instructions, explanation, summary, inform, short, concise, quick

build - increase, develop, progress, create

bulletin - report, news

burden - duty, responsibility, onus, difficulty

burgeon - rapidly grow, develop, escalate, swell

business - company, organisation, work, commerce, trade, affairs, organization, venture, corporation, enterprise, concern, activity

buy - purchase, obtain with money, invest in

buyer - purchaser, investor, customer

C

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

cancel - annul, discontinue, call off, stop, nullify

candidate - applicant, contender, entrant

cap - limit, surpass

caretaker - custodian, janitor

cargo - goods, freight, supplies, wares

catalogue - list, record , catalog

category - group, classification

cater - provide, supply

ceiling - limit, restriction, largest amount

certification - qualification, authentication

certify - authenticate, confirm, state officially

chain - group, series, line

change - alter, amend, replace, modulate, make different

channel - route, direct

charge - claim, accuse, responsibility

chart - list, diagram, graph, draw

charter - hire, lease, rent, record, permit written statement

chartered - qualified, hired, rented, leased

cheat - trick, deceive, defraud

check - stop, control, examine, investigate, halt make certain

chief - main, head, most important, highest ranking

choice - selection, range, option, good quality

circular - advertisement, publication, notice, letter, leaflet, notice, notification, flyer

circulate - spread, publish, pass round

claim - demand, request, state officially, state, legal right

classify - class, order, group together, categorise, categorize

clean - honest, harmless, debt-free, reliable (goods)

clear - remove, approve, finish, obvious, intelligible make sense

clearance - permission, sanction, leave

clientele - customers, clients, trade

clone - replicate, duplicate, exact copy

close - finish, cease, end activity, stop operating

code - standards, rules, regulations

collapse - fall, decrease, fail, ruin

collect - gather, obtain, bring together

combine - join, unite, put together

command - order, instruction, dominate

commerce - business, trade

commitment - promise, loyalty, agreement, duty, willingness

commute - journey, travel a regular route

company - business, organisation, corporation organization

compete - contend, vie

competence - ability, skill, knowledge, proficiency

competent - able, skillful, proficient, knowledgeable

compile - list, compose

compliance - obedience, submission

complimentary - gratis, free of charge gratis

component - part of a whole, factor, element, feature, piece item

comprise - consist of, include, have, made from

compulsory - obligatory, binding, incumbent, mandatory

con - trick, cheat, deceive, defraud, negative (opposite of 'pro')

concept - idea, principle, understanding

concession - compromise, trade, exchange, reduction in price, movement

conduct - behaviour, bearing, demeanour, attitude, guide, manage, behavior, demeanor

confer - discuss, consult, reward, bestow, give

conference - meeting, discussion, talks, debate, forum inquiry

confidence - trust, belief, positiveness, a secret, assurance conviction

confidential - private, secret, off the record

conform - obey, adapt oneself, accommodate

connect - join, link, attach, contact

consensus - general view, agreement

consolidate - bring or join together, combine, centralise, centralize

construct - build, make, formulate, erect

consultant - expert, troubleshooter, adviser, advisor

consumer - purchaser, buyer, user

content - parts, structure, information

contract - agreement, terms, engage

control - restrict, limit, manage, power, influence restrain rule over

convene - meet, gather together, organise a meeting

convention - meeting, gathering of people conference, practice conformity

convert - change from one form to another modify, win someone over

core - main, centre, essential, essence, most important center

corporation - company, business, venture, enterprise

correspondence - communication, letters, email, similarity, symmetry

corresponding - matching, connected, correlating, opposite

corrupt - dishonest, illegal, immoral, illicit, flawed, incorrect information, pervert, spoil, ruin

costing - estimating, pricing, cost, price, value, valuation, quote, quotation

counsel - adviser, lawyer

counsellor - troubleshooter, advisor, adviser, counselor

counterfeit - fake, forgery

coupon - voucher

cover - include, protect, conceal, provide a service

credentials - qualities, experience, references, endorsements,

crude - simple, inaccurate, makeshift, improvised, improvized

curb - control, limit, restrain, moderate

current - present, existing, topical, happening now

curtail - limit, reduce, shorten, cut

customer - buyer, purchaser, client, patron

D

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

data - facts, information, evidence

dealer - trader, merchant

declaration - affirmation, official statement

declare - state, announce, tell, divulge, speak affirm

decline - weaken, shrink, decrease

decouple - disconnect

decree - official order, decide, decision made in court

deduct - take away, subtract

deed - action, action, written agreement

deep - serious, extreme, profound

defect - fault, imperfection, shortfall, leave

defective - faulty, imperfect, incomplete

defend - protect, resist

defer - delay, put off

deficiency - lack, shortfall, defect, insufficiency

deflate - reduce, lessen, make smaller, ridicule

defraud - trick, be dishonest, obtain money illegally

defray - provide money

defunct - unused, extinct, dead, no longer existing

degrade - worsen, impair, disrespect

delete - remove, erase, obliterate, stop making

deliver - provide, produce, achieve, give

demand - firm request, order, require, claim

demonstrate - show, explain, prove

demonstration - explanation, proof

depart - exit, leave, go

dependent - controlled, connected, supported, reliant

deplete - reduce, waste, use up, exhaust

depreciate - detract, decrease in value, demonetise, demonetize, amortise, amortize

deputy - stand-in, substitute, proxy

design - plan, prototype, pattern, make, artwork

develop - grow, advance, produce, build, create become

device - object, tool, piece of equipment method (of doing something)

devise - plan, think of, invent, originate, conceive, innovate, create, conceptualise, conceptualize

diagram - drawing, plan, representation, picture, sketch, blueprint, map, image

dictate - control, influence, dominate

digit - number, character, finger

dilute - reduce, lessen effectiveness weaken

dimension - size, aspect

directory - list, listing, database

disallow - prohibit, exclude, refuse permission

discharge - sack, remove, give official permission carry out a duty

disclose - tell, reveal, expose

discontinue - stop, terminate

discount - ignore, disregard, reduction in price

discrepancy - disagreement, difference between two amounts ,

disintegrate - deteriorate, break up (into pieces)

dismiss - remove (person), sack, disregard, reject

dispatch - send, report

display - show, exhibit, arrange (items)

dispose - sell, get rid of

dispute - disagreement, argument, quarrel, argue

disqualify - prevent, exclude, ban, outlaw, reject

dissolve - end (contract or partnership), cease, cancel

distribute - supply, give, apportion, share out

diversify - modify, develop wider range, adapt, extend activities

divest - sell, get rid of, dispose of

division - unit, section, classification

doable - achievable, possible, can be done, viable, practical, practicable, feasible

docket - label, record, ticket

document - record, official paper

dodge - avoid, elude, evade

dominant - powerful, important, main, influential

dominate - control, influence

donate - give

done - completed, finished, ended

downgrade - reduce status, reduce value, make less important

driven - compelled, influenced

drop - weaken, lower, decrease, reduce, fall discontinue

duplicate - copy, reproduce

durable - strong, tough, Long-lasting

duress - threat, force

duty - obligation, task, work, job, tax necessity

E

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

earnings - profit, wages, salary, income

economic - profitable, cost-effective, viable, financial, commercial, trading

economical - good value, cheap, low-budget, affordable

edge - advantage, brink

effective - productive, successful, forceful, advisable

efficient - operative, not wasteful, skillful

elect - choose, vote for, chosen

eligible - included, have the right

emerge - appear, be disclosed

employ - use, engage, recruit, hire

employee - worker, staff member

emporium - shop, department store, depot

enable - empower, permit, facilitate

endorse - support, approve

enhance - improve, highlight

enquire - ask, find out , inquire

enquiry - question, request for information (RFI), inquiry

entitlement - claim, official right

equipment - tools, machinery, wherewithal

equity - money, capital, funds, asset, share

erode - weaken, impair, reduce

error - mistake, misjudgment

escalate - increase, grow, make more serious

establish - create, start, become successful demonstrate

ethic - moral, principle

ethical - right, morally correct or acceptable

etiquette - protocol, convention, rules of correct behaviour, behavior

evade - avoid, elude

evaluate - appraise, estimate, guess, assess

evaluation - opinion

evolve - develop gradually, become, unfold

exceed - outdo, be superior, overstep

exceptional - outstanding, unusually good, very unusual

execute - do, carry out, act, perform action or task

exercise - activity, keep fit, work-out, act, invoke, apply

excessive - exorbitant, unwarranted, superfluous, unreasonably high

exhibition - show, display, presentation

exit - leave, quit, sell (ownership of an enterprise)

exorbitant - overpriced, dear, extortionate

expand - grow, broaden, increase

experience - skill, knowledge, wisdom

expert - ace, skilled, proficient

expire - end, finish, elapse

explain - justify, account for, interpret

exploit - treat unfairly, take advantage of, misuse, make best use of

extend - lengthen, expand, lengthen, make longer, make (an offer)

F

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

fabricate - make, build, fake something, lie

facilitate - make easy, ease, accommodate, enable, help, coach, advise, mentor, provide

facility - building, factory, convenience, ease

facilities - buildings, services, equipment, means, scope

factor - quality, feature, component, cause, influence

failed - unsuccessful, fallen short

fair - acceptable, appropriate, just, honorable

fake - false, not genuine, imitation, sham

fall - decrease, drop, descend, fail

false - wrong, incorrect, not genuine, erroneous

faulty - imperfect, incorrect, inexact

feasible - possible, achievable

fee - charge (money)

feed - supply, provide

fickle - changeable, unreliable

firm - business, company

fixed - set, unchanging, habitual

flag - tire, weaken, mark (something)

flaw - mistake, imperfection, weakness

flood - deluge, numerous, many

flop - failure, washout, non-event, damp squib

flourish - grow, develop, prosper, be fruitful

flyer - leaflet

force - influence, power, energy, strength, personnel

forecast - predict, foretell

formal - official, correct, suitable

format - arrangement, plan, design

formulate - create, prepare, arrange

foundation - basis, source, beginning

fractional - unimportant, very small

freight - cargo, goods, merchandise

functional - working, practical, useful, instrumental

furnish - supply, provide, make ready

futile - useless, absurd, pointless

G

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

gamble - risk, speculate, uncertainty

gap - space, difference, requirement

gauge - measure, estimate, judge

generate - produce, create, cause

generic - standard, unbranded (product)

get - obtain, receive, understand

gimmick - trick, novelty, contrivance

glitch - problem, fault

global - worldwide, universal, inclusive

goal - aim, objective, ultimate

goods - products, merchandise

governance - control, power

grant - allow, permit, permission, consent

graph - plan

graphic - descriptive, representing

gratis - free, uncharged

grievance - complaint, discontent

ground - reason, basis, educate

grounding - training, knowledge

grow - increase, expand, mature

guarantee - promise, safeguard, legal agreement, make certain,

guest - visitor

guidance - help, advice, instructions, tips

guru - expert, sage

H

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

hallmark - sign, feature, indication, standard (of quality of something)

halo-effect - feelgood factor, positive reflection, positive association, reflected glory, (more about halo effect - see also BIRGing)

haggle - argue, barter, bargain

handbook - manual, instructions, notes, guide

hand-holding - supporting, buddying, supervising, helping

handle - deal with, manage, be responsible for, organise, organize

handmade - unique, individual, bespoke, high quality, exclusive, labour intensive, labor intensive, made by hand not machine or automated

harass - upset, annoy, frighten, intimidate, bully, exert force upon, pressurise, pressurize (a person or people)

hard copy - paper printed format (as distinct from electronic or digital format)

hardball - aggression, firmness, determination

hard selling - aggressive selling, pressure, strong persuasion

harmonise - combine, integrate, bring together (successfully), harmonize

harvest - profit, reward, reap reward, milk, exploit, monetise, monetize

haulier - transporter, carrier of goods

hazard - danger, obstacle, gamble, risk, obstacle, threat

hazardous - dangerous, damaging

headcount - employees, workforce, staff, team, labour force, labor force, workgroup

headline - main, overall, total, story, message

heads-up - warning, brief update, short report

head-to-head - confrontation, standoff, battle, fight, argument, debate (between two parties)

headway - gain, progress, increase, rise, improvement

heartland - centre, focus, epicentre, middle, core, heart, heartlands (usually an area of something successful or popular)

hedge - reduce risk, offset risk, protect against risk

help - aid, support, assist, buddy, mentor, guide, teach, assistance, care for, oversee, facilitate, enable

helpdesk - service, assistance, support, information (department or team or group)

hierarchy - structure, order, management structure, organizational structure, taxonomy, grouping, classification, system, pecking order

highlight - emphasise, indicate, make obvious, emphasize

hire - employ, rent, lease

hitch - problem, difficulty

hone - develop, improve, sharpen

hostile - unfriendly, adverse, attacking

hub - centre, focus, chief thing center

hypothetical - suppositional, imaginary

I

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

identify - find, discover

illegal - unlawful, prohibited, illicit

illicit - illegal, disallowed by law

image - impression, picture, copy, reflection

impact - influence, importance

imperfection - weakness, fault, blemish

improper - dishonest, inappropriate, inapt, disreputable

imprudent - unwise, not sensible, careless, risky, reckless

inactive - idle, inert, not working, not in use

inadmissible - disallowed, excluded

incentive - inducement, reward, motivation, something that encourages

incentivise - encourage, offer a reward, incentivize

income - earnings, wages, salary

incoming - arriving, received

incompetence - lack of skill or ability

independent - unconnected, uncontrolled, unsupported, unrelated

indicative - showing, suggesting, evidential

indicate - point, sign, show

inefficient - wasteful, unskillful, useless

ineligible - unqualified, rejected

inertia - inactivity, indifference

inflate - increase, enlarge

inflexible - rigid, unchangeable, unbendable, obstinate

influence - motivate, modify, bias, authority

inform - tell, relate, influence, educate

information - facts, details, data

inoperative - invalid, unusable, powerless, not working

inspect - check, scan, look closely at

instruct - tell, teach, train, inform, command

instruction - information, command

integrate - combine, put together

integrated - connected, combined

interim - lull, Short-term, not permanent

intermediary - middleman, mediator, facilitator

invalid - incorrect, unwarranted, officially or legally unacceptable

item - object, article, component

itinerary - schedule, journey plan, travel route, route, roadmap

J

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

jettison - reject, eject, get rid of

job - opening, position, opportunity, task, duty undertaking

jobless - unemployed, inactive

join - connected, fix, enroll, meet, bring together become a member

judge - decide, arbitrate, form an opinion, adjudicate

jump - rise, increase, leap, interval

jumpy - nervous, anxious, agitated

justify - explain, demonstrate, warrant

K

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

keen - eager, sharp, competitive, willing

key - most essential, most important, main, chief thing, crucial influential

keynote - important thing, chief thing

kill - spoil, destroy, stop

kit - tools, equipment, materials, parts

know-how - knowledge, experience, means, skill

knowledge - information, skills, understanding, comprehension, mastery

kudos - prestige, esteem

L

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

label - tag, brand, mark of identification

landmark - important event or achievement or matter

languish - fail, become weaker, be affected

latent - concealed, lurking

lateral - sideways thinking, different perspective

lawful - legal, licit, legitimate

lead - control, ahead, guide, advantage, direct

leading - best, managing, inspiring

learning - development, teaching, coaching, growth, edification, knowledge, experience, discovery

lease - rent, hire

legible - readable, intelligible, understandable

legislation - law, regulation

legitimate - legal, genuine, legally acceptable

leverage - influence, upper hand

liable - liable, responsible, legally responsible, punishable by law, subject to law, exposed to, open to, vulnerable

limit - restrict, restrain, restriction, bind

link - connect, join, relationship, communicate, intermediary

log - record, gauge, documentation, diary, journal

logic - reason, reasoning, rationality

loom - threaten, impend

low-end - cheap, inexpensive

loyal - faithful, trustworthy

lucrative - profit-making, gainful, money-making

lure - persuade, entice, tempt

M

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

magnate - tycoon, mogul, business chief

mainstream - usual, normal, main (part), tendency, mass

maintain - keep, continue, record, check, support sustain provide

majority - largest, greatest part, main part

make - create, form, build, produce, compel constitute

makeover - changeable, improve

malfunction - fail, stall, break down

manage - control, run, undertake, supervise, conduct

manager - boss, head, director, controller

mandate - official order or instruction charge, trust

mandatory - must-do, required by law, obligatory, compulsory, unavoidable, necessary

manipulate - control, influence, deceive, operate, misuse

manufacture - production, create, make or produce goods

marginal - small, unimportant, inconsiderable, insignificant,

marginally - slightly, insignificantly

markdown - cheapen, reduce price

marketable - easy to sell, saleable, attractive to employers or customers salable

marketeer - seller, salesperson

mark-up - increase in price, overcharge

mature - experienced, well-developed, well-established

maximum - greatest, largest, most

meagre - small quantity, poor quality, economical meager

mean - average, middle

mediate - moderate, intervene, negotiate, arbitrate

mediocre - average, not very good, middling, inferior

mega - impressive, greatest part, very large

memo - note, reminder

memorandum - report, proposal, record

menial - inferior, unskilled (work)

merchandise - goods, products

merchandising - selling

merge - combine, mix

middleman - intermediary, mediator, agent

milestone - important stage or event

mindset - attitude, fixed ideas

minimal - lesser, smallest or least amount

minimum - smallest or lowest possible

minted - recently produced or created very rich

miscellaneous - various, mixed, non-uniform

misconduct - malpractice, bad management, unacceptable behaviour, unacceptable behavior

mission - aim, goal, vocation, important job

mobile - moveable, transportable, moving

model - design, copy, prototype, form an opinion

moderate - reasonable, average, mild, middle of the road

moderator - intermediary, referee, mediator

modify - changeable, alter, vary, make more suitable

monitor - check, watch (something)

moribund - ineffective, inactive, dying, likely to fail

motion - proposal

motivate - encourage, push

mushroom - multiply, develop quickly, rapidly grow or increase

N

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

name - brand, repute, well-known person or company or product

need - requirement, require, shortfall

negligible - unimportant, inconsiderable

negotiate - make terms, discuss

negotiations - formal discussions, conference

no-frills - basic, unadorned

nominal - very small, insubstantial, trivial, in name only,

nominate - suggest, choose, select

nosedive - descent, sudden drop or fall

notable - noteworthy, person of repute, outstanding, remarkable, unforgettable

notional - estimated, guessed, suppositional

novel - new, interesting, amusing

nullify - invalidate, extinguish

number one - most important, best, premier, self

O

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

oath - promise, testimony, true statement

object - item, thing, purpose, goal, disagree

objective - aim, goal

obligation - duty, promise, necessity

observe - watch, study, see

observer - watcher, spectator

obsolete - outdated, disused, no longer in use

occupation - job, profession, interests

offend - upset someone, commit crime, displease

official - formal, authoritative, genuine, businesslike, authorised, authorized

opening - opportunity, job, starting

operate - control, use, work, function

operation - business, activity, undertaking

opinion - idea, conviction, persuasion, point of view

opportunity - opening, possibility, scope, chance

optimal - best, most likely to succeed

option - choice, decision, pick

order - request, demand, instruction, command, require

organisation - business, company, group, structure, corporation, organization

organise - arrange, plan, compose, organize

origin - source, starting place

oust - eject, force out

outcome - result, effect

outdated - outmoded, antiquated, old-fashioned

outline - description, overview, main points or facts

outstanding - notable, superior, not yet paid or done or solved

overachieve - do better than expected

overhype - exaggerate

override - overrule, stop, reject decision or order

oversee - supervise, watch (something), manage

oversight - mistake, negligence, forget to do something

overview - outline, general description

P

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

pact - agreement, promise, handshake

par - equivalence, expectation, forecast, standard

parameter - limit, target, border, guideline, constraint, measure

parcel - package, apportion, piece

pare - cut, reduce gradually

parity - similarity, being equal, balance, equality

partial - incomplete, fractional, in part

participate - cooperate, take part in, collaborate, partner

particular - specific, certain

particulars - details, information, description

patronage - support, protection, influence, custom

payback - reward, advantage, return, just desert

peg - fix (prices), hold

pending - waiting, undecided, in process, happening soon

perform - do, act, entertain

peripheral - unimportant, marginal, external, outside

perk - bonus, reward, benefit

permit - allow, let, right to do something

persuade - press, urge, convince, induce, cajole, pressurise, pressurize, sell

phase - stage, aspect, step, section

pick - choose, opt, take, select, selection, choice

picket - protest, obstruct, demonstrate, be obstructive

pigeonhole - classification, compartment, put into a particular group, categorise, categorize

pilfer - steal, thieve, rob

pitfall - difficulty, danger, peril, trap

placement - job, location

plan - chart, diagram, drawing, plot, vision, envision, intention, detailed arrangements, blueprint

plateau - level out, flatten, stabilise, stabilize

platform - basis, policy, standpoint

pledge - promise, formal promise, oath, bequeath, bequest, bequeathment

plummet - plunge, founder, fall suddenly

plunge - plummet, descend rapidly

pointer - sign, indication, indicator

policy - course of action, contract of insurance procedure,

pool - group, collect money or information store, joint possession

portable - moveable, transferable, easily carried

portion - part (of a whole)

position - place, job, opinion, prestige

positive - goods, useful, affirmative, believing

possessor - owner, holder

post - mail, job, situation, subsequent, after or later than, publish, announce,

postpone - defer, delay, put off until later

potential - possible, qualities that can be developed

power - control, influence, strength, energy, operate, authority

practice - action, custom, habitual, exercise, etiquette, usual way of doing something

practise - rehearse, repeat, act, do, behave

precise - exact, accurate, definite

prefer - choose, like better

preferential - giving an advantage to

prejudice - unreasonable dislike bigotry, have a harmful effect on

premier - most important, most successful, first showing of something

presentation - speech, show, formal introduction

press - persuade, push, request

prestige - respect, admiration, influence, importance

prestigious - admired, respected, important luxury

presumption - supposition

prevail - outweigh, override

prevailing - existing

prevalent - very common, extensive, universal

prey - easy target, victim

prey on - ill-treat, exploit, cause harm, con, trick

priceless - extremely valuable, important, very precious

pricey - expensive, dear

primary - main, fundamental, simple, most important

prime - main, most important, primary, excellent

principal - main, most important, rule, director, in general law

prior - previous to, previously, before, earlier, happening or existing before

prioritise - rank, put in order of importance, prioritize

priority - most important, precedence, to be dealt with first

privilege - special right or advantage

privileged - confidential information

prize - award, very valuable, desired object

probe - investigate, inquiry, ask questions

procedure - policy, usual or correct way of doing things

proceed - begin, starting place, commence, progress

productive - growing, making, gainful, profitable, achieving or doing a lot

profession - skilled job, vocation, trade, skill, qualification

proficient - able, skilled, practised, competent

profile - description, outline, shape, visibility, reputation

profitable - advantageous, prolific, money-making, viable, economical, rewarding

programme - program, schedule, agenda, course, itinerary

progress - develop, go forward, improve, improvement

prohibit - stop, prevent, restrain, bar, ban

promote - upgrade, make better, put forward, advance, advertise, market, sell

prompt - punctual, without delay, hint, remind

proportion - portion, part or share of a whole

proposal - plan, request, intention, formal suggestion

proposition - plan of action, business idea

proprietor - owner of business or land or property,etc.

prospective - potential, future, expected or likely to happen

prosper - flourish, be successful, develop successfully

provide - stipulate, give, make available

prudence - conservatism, caution, avoiding unnecessary risks

prudent - careful, sensible when making decisions showing care and though for the future

pull - influence, attract interest, cancel an event

punctual - on time

purchase - buy

pursue - follow, chase up

Q

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

qualified - experienced, knowledgeable, skilled, expert, prepared completed training passed exams

quality - high standard, feature, aspect, character

quantity - amount, number

quarantine - protection, seclusion

quarter - district, place, period of three months mercy

quasi - almost, partly, similar

query - question, ask, doubt

questionable - doubt, dishonest, wrong, disreputable

quit - leave, close, depart, resign

quota - portion, fixed amount, limited number

quotation - price, referral, estimated cost of job or service

quote - repeat, cite, illustrate, instance, quotation

R

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

raise - increase, mention, elevate

rally - incite, assembly, give courage

random - orderless, indiscriminate, done or chosen without prior thought

range - variety, vary, series, scope, portfolio

rank - position, classification, importance

ratchet - increase by small amounts

rate - measure, amount, decide, estimate, price

ratify - endorse, make legal

rationale - enquiry, reasons or principles (that explain a decision) , inquiry

reach - attain, arrive, achieve, communicate with

react - be active, respond

reactive - showing a response

ready-made - pre-prepared, prepared in advance

reap - accumulate, take, gather, gain, obtain, attain, benefit from

reasonable - acceptable, appropriate, fair, moderate, rational

rebate - refund, discount

recall - remember, call something in

recap - repeat, go over, give summary

recede - retreat, become smaller, become weaker, withdraw

recipient - receiver, acceptor, taker

reclaim - restore, get back (something)

recognise - know, remember, see, recognize

recommend - suggest, advise

reconcile - pacify, make (figures) agree

reconstruct - rebuild, remake, restore

record - describe, written account

recoup - get money back, recover, retrieve

recover - get something back improvement, recoup, restore

recuperate - improve, get money back

redefine - change limits or nature of something

redress - correct something, remedy

reduce - lessen, shrink, make smaller

redundant - jobless, useless, unused

re-evaluate - re-think

refer - describe, indicate, speak about

refine - make pure, improve, purify

reform - transform, make better, improve

refurbish - repair, redecorate

regain - acquire, get something back

regarding - about, concerning, relating to

region - area, locality

register - enrol enlist, officially record something, enroll

regress - recede, fall back, make or become less advanced

regular - frequent, usual, standard

regulate - control, supervise, supervize

regulation - rule, law, legislation

reimburse - pay back (money), repay

reinforce - strengthen, support, make stronger

reject - inferior, unusable item, refuse to accept

related - connected, akin

release - liberate, make something available to free from duty,

reliable - trustworthy, trusty, correct, true, credible, certain

relief - help, aid

remedy - cure, solution, improve bad situation

remote - far, distant, secluded

remove - dismiss from job, get rid of, take out, take away,

rent - lease, hire

repair - mend, make good, fix

reply - answer, rejoinder, reaction, response

represent - sell for, act or speak for, deputise for, deputize for, symbolise, symbolize

reputable - honest, honorable, respected, credible, established, well-regarded, trustworthy

request - ask

require - need, necessitate, fall short

rescue - save, defend

research - study, inquiry, experiment

reserve - available supply, substitute, modesty, put something by for later

reshuffle - change, change around, restructure, re-order, reorganise, reorganize

resilient - strong, able to recover quickly

resistance - opposition, dislike of, obstinacy, refusal to accept something

resolve - find a solution, formally reach a decision intend,

resources - means, supply of something, energy, energies, fuel, materials

respond - reply, react, answer, cooperate

responsibility - duty, onus

restraint - limit, moderation

restrict - limit amount or size of keep under control

result - outcome, product, completion

retail - sell

retain - keep something, hold something back preserve

retract - recant, withdraw a statement make smaller in amount or value

retrieve - find, recoup, get something back

revamp - repair, improve appearance of

review - report, consider or examine something rectify

revoke - cancel, not retain, end validity of

rise - ascend, increase in amount or level

risk - danger, peril, chance, speculate

rival - competitor, contender

roadmap - plan, vision, milestones, project plan, masterplan

role - function, position (of somebody)

rotate - change regularly, pass to each member in regular order

ruin - damage, spoil, make someone lose all their money

rules - regulations, orders

running - managing, operating

S

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

salary - wages, pay, earnings

salvage - restore, save (from being destroyed)

sample - tester, taste, example, small amount

satisfactory - acceptable, sufficient, good enough

saturate - drench, overproduce, over supply

savvy - knowledge, understanding

scale - range, spectrum, measure, gauge

schedule - timetable, plan, list

scheme - plan, system

scrap - cancel, annul, piece, stop using

screen - check, inquire

scrutinise - scan, look at or examine closely, scrutinize

secondary - inferior, unimportant, less important

section - department, subdivision, part, department

secure - safe, protected, achieve (something)

seek - pursue, look for, search, try to obtain

segment - division, divide, part of something

select - choose, pick, opt for, carefully chosen, excellent

seller - vendor, trader

semi - half, partly, incomplete

sensitive - aware, understanding, discriminating, react quickly, (information) not to be shared

serve - provide, help, spend time, do duty for

setback - difficulty, problem, delay, hitch

shed - decrease, emit, get rid of

ship - send, transport, carry

shopper - buyer, purchaser

shortage - lack, shortfall

shortfall - shortage, less (than is needed)

short-staffed - Short-handed, understaffed

shrewd - intelligent, showing good judgment clever at understanding

simulate - imitate, create artificially

sink - decrease, deteriorate, suppress

situation - circumstance, circumstances, predicament, position, matter, issue, subject, concern, job, opportunity

skill - ability, competence, expertise, dexterity

skilled - experienced, qualified

slash - reduce something by a large amount cut

slice - a share, portion, piece, part of something

slogan - by-line, tag line, maxim, advertisement

slump - decline, decrease, deteriorate, sudden fall

smart - intelligent, clever, advanced (technology)

snip-a-bargain - good value

sole - only, one

sort - arrange, classification, put in order, a type (of something)

sound - reliable, sensible when making decisions, undamaged, good and thorough, in good condition

spec - specification, detailed description

special - unusual, chosen, out of the ordinary

specialist - expert, highly skilled person

specific - special, particular, clearly defined, precise and clear

specify - explain, name, give exact instructions state (something)

split - divide, apportion, share (something)

sponsor - supporter, backer, patron

stable - steady, unchanging, firmly fixed

stagnant - inert, undeveloping, unchanging, not growing

staple - basic, important (part)

static - unchanging, undeveloping, not moving

status - position, situation, prestige, level of something or somebody

statute - law, legislation, formal rule

stipulate - state clearly, demand, specify

stipulations - requirements, conditions, demands, specifications

stranglehold - complete control, retention

strapline - slogan

strategic - planned

strategy - a plan, tactics, policy

stress - pressure, importance, emphasis, emphasise, emphasize

strife - contention, a quarrel, angry disagreement

stringent - severe, very strict, strictly controlled

sue - litigate, claim damages in court

sundry - various, many, unimportant

superintend - oversee, manage, supervise

supply - provide (something) amount provided, make available for use

support - help/er, aid, resource/s, encourage/ment, advocate, augment, bolster, protect/ion, insulate/insulation, addition, add to

surpass - outdo, be superior

surplus - glut, superfluity, extra, more than is needed

suspend - delay, put off, prevent from happening or being used halt temporarily defer debar from job or duties temporarily as a punishment

swindle - cheat, deceive, act fraudulently

T

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

tactical - schematic, worked out, carefully planned, strategic

talent - aptitude, natural ability, gift, passion, calling

tangible - touchable, existing, clearly seen

target - goal, aim, objective

task - job, duty, piece of work

team - group, unit, outfit, company

template - model, mould, example mold

temporary - short-term, non-permanent, makeshift

tender - bid, offer

tentative - experimental, cautious, provisional, not definite,

terminate - end, conclude, close, finish, discontinue

territory - area, zone, ground, pitch

text - meaning, precept, written words

textile - fabric, material

theory - idea, opinion, supposition

thrive - prosper, flourish, become strong or healthy or successful

tier - level, layer, series

token - symbol, indication, trivial, gift, security

top flight - best, most successful, highest

train - teach, instruct, tutor, coach, mentor, educate, edify, nurture, develop, school, explain, impart (facts/information), prepare, prime, demonstrate, illustrate

training - learning, development, course, trainings, coaching, mentoring

transfer - move over, carry, duplicate, displace

transferable - moveable, negotiable, transportable, communicable

transparent - clear, unambiguous, open, artless, not secret, easily understood

U

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

ultimatum - conditions, final warning, threat, deadline

uncontested - unopposed, undisputed

undertaking - task, project, promise, agreement, commitment

undisclosed - concealed, hidden, not made known

undue - unreasonable, unnecessary, unwarranted, undeserving

uneconomic - wasteful, unprofitable

unemployed - jobless, out of work, unused

unexpired - valid, remaining, still in force

unethical - immoral, dishonest, morally unacceptable

unfriendly - hostile, opposing, antagonistic

unique - special, unusual, inimitable, one of a kind

unlawful - illegal, illicit

unmanageable - uncontrollable, disobedient, difficult to deal with

unofficial - illegal, independent, unauthorised, unauthorized

unprofitable - uneconomic, unproductive, profitless

unscrupulous - dishonest, not fair, not honest, without morals,

unskilled - untrained, unqualified, inexpert

unveil - introduce, disclose, show (something)

upbeat - positive, enthusiastic, optimistic

update - provide recent information, modernise, modernize

upkeep - maintenance, preservation

upmarket - expensive, dear, good quality

upsurge - sudden large increase

used - second-hand, pre-owned, employed, utilised, utilized

V

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

vacancy - job, job opening, job opportunity

vacant - empty, not being used

vacation - holiday

valid - genuine, legally or officially acceptable

value - worth, price, importance

vanilla - ordinary, not special

variable - changeable, non-uniform

vendee - buyer, property purchaser

vendor - seller, supplier

venture - enterprise, speculate, undertaking, business project or activity

verbal - spoken, unwritten

vet - examine, check, screen (something or someone)

viable - possible, cost-effective, safe, can be done or achieved or used, likely to be successful

virtual - almost, nearly, not completely, electronic, digital, web-based

vision - concept, idea, notion, plan, scheme, shape, dream, aspiration, ambition, wish, thought, intent, intention

void - nullify, not legal, invalid (contract)

volatile - excitable, transient, suddenly changeable

voluntary - uncharged (fee), offered, done willingly

W

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

waged - salaried, having regular paid work, employed

wake-up call - sudden warning

walkout - strike (by workers), fail in duty

warranty - guarantee, security

wastage - shrinkage, loss

whistle-blower - informer

white elephant - bane, useless (big, expensive) thing

wind-up - close down, liquidate, terminate, cease

workforce - staff, labour force , labor force

X

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

x-rated - adult, pornographic, unsuitable for children and under-age people

Y

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

yardstick - gauge, a measure

yes - okay, affirmative, confirmed, agreed, understood

yield - produce, submit, relinquish

Z

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

zeal - keenness, willingness, enthusiasm

zenith - summit, top, peak

zero hour - departure, beginning (of operation)

 

 

Please send your suggestions for additional terms, and any corrections.






 

see also

business dictionary - lots more terms with definitions

marketing theory and methods - including marketing glossary

sales and selling methods - including selling glossary

business planning process and templates - including business planning glossary

financial terms and ratios - a glossary of main financial accounting terms


browse categories


The use of this material is free provided copyright (see below) is acknowledged and reference or link is made to the www.businessballs.com website. This material may not be sold, or published in any form. Disclaimer: Reliance on information, material, advice, or other linked or recommended resources, received from Alan Chapman, shall be at your sole risk, and Alan Chapman assumes no responsibility for any errors, omissions, or damages arising. Users of this website are encouraged to confirm information received with other sources, and to seek local qualified advice if embarking on any actions that could carry personal or organizational liabilities. Managing people and relationships are sensitive activities; the free material and advice available via this website do not provide all necessary safeguards and checks. Please retain this notice on all copies.

© Businessballs 2011-13